Since the last decade, the Information Technology sector is one of the fastest growing industry in the country by hiring nearly 6 million individuals almost every year. It is estimated that IT sector will collectively produce 18 percent additional jobs for global workforce between 2012 and 2022. Of the global IT industry, the significant segments include telecom services which constitute 44 percent, IT hardware – 27 percent, IT services – 18 percent and software – 11 percent. Still, there is a considerable shortage of talented and experienced professionals. According to a survey, 45% of organizations are not able to fill positions due to lack of qualified talents.

There’s no particular definition to the terminology, but Information technology can be defined as the use of computing through various components such as software, hardware, services to develop, manage, transform, share and store information in different forms.

This article serves as a guiding light to make a successful career in the IT sectors. The current trends, and potential career paths that may flourish in future.

Programming & Software Development

Software engineers are behind all the applications we run on our mobile devices and computers. Programming and software development is a very vast field with many languages to work on. It is the most popular field with always on high demands for talented and experienced professionals.

Mobile Application Developer

It is a trending field in development. Smartphones are taking over Gen X and millennials. It is the fastest growing development sector in the software development arena. As smartphones are rapidly changing the course of business, information exchange, and communication, the demand for innovative mobile applications is growing at rapid speed.

Software Developer

Rapid adoption of advanced technologies such as Cloud, Block-chain is driving demand for skilled application software engineers who can develop secure and robust programs.

Web Developer

Every minute, 70+ domain names are registered. With the rise of the internet, businesses are rapidly turning to develop websites and promote services online. Responsive websites, user interface (UI) and user experience (UX) skills are a trending commodity in this decade as displays need to adapt to varying device sizes and types. Web development sector is predicted to grow at the rate of 15% annually. With the arrival of new languages and low code platforms such as Salesforce and Mendix, website development is becoming reliable and fast.

Other positions are available in Software Development Life Cycle such as QA lead, Associate Software Tester, Business Analyst, Chief Financial Officer and much more.


A career in the networking field is responsible for designing, analyzing and implementing network systems. Networking and telecommunications skills such as Linux/Unix, VoIP, Cisco networking are required.

Network Administrator

Organizations are investing in new computer systems and network technologies to increase productivity and provide optimal performance. Due to this, the demand for network administrator is on the rise. The rapid increase in networking technologies and complexities led to the increased need for network administrators and engineers.

Database Administrator

Businesses are increasingly in need of digital information for analysis to predict business trends and growth. The IT sector industries demand trained and certified Database administrators store and analyze the data securely. Due to the rise in the variety of database platforms, the compatibility and integration are crucial. DBAs with information security skills are hired for protecting business data and secrets.

Digital Marketing

Evolving technologies along with market forces have compelled the businesses to hire digital marketing professionals or sink. In the current date, Digital Marketing is worth 68 billion dollars and increasing at a fast rate of 40%. With the shift in marketing practices, Digital marketing has created a pool of job opportunities making it one of the best career path for students and professionals.

Digital Marketing Manager

Responsibilities of a digital marketing professional include handling the team, creating marketing strategies, and other components. The manager level post requires minimum five years of experience in Digital marketing field. They are paid high salaries in metro cities.

Search Engine Optimizer

A good SEO strategy can get you organic traffic on search engine rather than AdWords campaigns. The responsibilities of SEO include keyword research, web page indexing, sitemap creation, analyzing traffic through tools like Google Analytics, managing duplicate content and many more areas.

Content Marketing Manager

Content Marketing parameters such as managing blogs, marketing campaigns, copy-writing, white paper publications, video marketing, and guest blogging are responsibilities of a content marketing manager. One of the perks of content marketing managers is that they can work from home. Freelancing in this arena can be helpful to earn an extra income.

Many other positions such as Search Engine Marketer, Social Media Marketer, PPC Campaigner are available in Digital Marketing. These positions are always in high demand and form an essential part of the Digital Marketing team.

Cyber Security

With the vast increase in information technology and communications, security jobs have splurged to a great extent with the rise in cyber crimes and frauds. Here are some of the posts in information security one can look for.

Information Security Analyst

The analysts of information security work to maintain the data infrastructure of an organization ensuring that its information remains safe from cyber attacks. It is expected to grow at the rate of 22% between 2014 and 2024. The information security analysts get paid high competitive salaries.

Network Security Administrator

The job responsibilities of Network Security Administrator include design security approaches to makes the company’s server secure and help in creating security policies for the networks used by the company. The N/w Security administrator also protects the IT infrastructure from intruders and viruses. It is a highly responsible job since it deals with the protection of highly sensitive data within an organization which is why it is one of the top 10 positions in the IT sector of US.